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  • The idea to represent the main features of the European Quaternary was first discussed at the Second Congress of the International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) held in Leningrad (St. Petersburg) in 1932. Compiled by the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) in cooperation with the INQUA, the International Quaternary Map of Europe 1 : 2.500.000 was finished in 1995. It is jointly published by the BGR and UNESCO. Several Quaternary features such as end moraines, ground moraine hillocks, kames, drumlins, eskers and ice border lines are represented on the map. Additionally, the map shows the directions of ice movements, limits of marine transgressions and tectonic faults. Important localities of Quaternary discovery relating to both geology and prehistory, bathymetric lines and recent deposits covering the sea floor are also indicated as well. The legend on each of the 14 map sheets is in German and, depending on the territories covered, in English, French or Russian. The general legend is placed on map sheet number 15.

  • The idea to represent the main features of the European Quaternary was first discussed at the Second Congress of the International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) held in Leningrad (St. Petersburg) in 1932. Compiled by the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) in cooperation with the INQUA, the International Quaternary Map of Europe 1 : 2.500.000 was finished in 1995. It is jointly published by the BGR and UNESCO. Several Quaternary features such as end moraines, ground moraine hillocks, kames, drumlins, eskers and ice border lines are represented on the map. Additionally, the map shows the directions of ice movements, limits of marine transgressions and tectonic faults. Important localities of Quaternary discovery relating to both geology and prehistory, bathymetric lines and recent deposits covering the sea floor are also indicated as well. The legend on each of the 14 map sheets is in German and, depending on the territories covered, in English, French or Russian. The general legend is placed on map sheet number 15.

  • In order to exploit mineral raw materials close to the Earth's surface, experts are working on trans-regional and national planning documents. To do this, they need maps which clearly depict the raw materials close to the surface in Germany. KOR200 displays Germany's national raw material potential in a comparable way, thus forming a basis for future exploration and investigations as well as making a contribution towards the assurance of the supply of raw materials. The map follows the sheet line system of the topographical survey map 1:200.000 (TÜK 200) and consists of 55 sheets, each with an explanatory booklet. There is a review of the current situation, a description, a depiction and documentation of the occurrence and deposits of mineral raw materials which are usually extracted in mines either on or close to the Earth's surface. Such deposits include, in particular, industrial minerals, rocks and soils, peat, lignite, oil shale and brines. Besides the delimited deposits and areas of raw materials coloured according to the raw material in question, the maps also depict "mining areas" (=operations) or "focal points of several mining areas", each marked with a symbol. The map entries are - just as with the topographical basis - recorded in digitalised form in a databank, from which they can be retrieved via a computer using various search criteria. The entries in the map are supplemented by between 40 to 80 pages of textual explanations, which are currently available only in the printed edition of the map. The text is divided into: - introduction - description of the deposits and occurrence of useful rocks - supply and demand assessment of the deposits and occurrence of raw materials close to the Earth's surface in the area covered by the sheet - possible ways of using the useful rocks present in the sheet area - list of publications - appendix (with, amongst other things, a general legend and survey of sheets)

  • The International Geological Map of Europe and the Mediteranean Regions 1 : 1 500 000 ("Carte Géologique Internationale de l'Europe et des Régions Méditerranéennes 1 : 1 500 000") shows the geology of the European continent from the Ural mountains in the east up to Island in the west and the whole mediteranean region in the south. The geology is differenciated in stratigraphy, igneous and metamorphic rocks. In addition there are two legend sheets and a title sheet. The language of the series is French.

  • The map shows the representative chemical content of groundwater for 22 hydrogeological subregions of Germany. The classification of each sub-region was based on the TDS value (total dissolved solids) and the chemical inventory. According to the degree of mineralization, five classes of waters were distinguished (very small, low, medium, high and strongly changing solution contents). The classification of the waters by their chemical inventory was made according to the equivalent percentage of the main cations and anions based on the Piper quadruple diagram. With this chemical classification and the degree of mineralization, 22 geogenic groundwater types could be differentiated throughout Germany. The basis for the mapping of geogenic groundwater quality is the "Hydrogeological Regions" map. The water quality data comes from the groundwater monitoring networks of the German federal states, which were collected by the State Geological Surveys or the State Environmental Surveys. Further analyses are based on the data of the former Central Geological Institute (ZGI) of the GDR. In total, sample data of nearly 8,000 observation wells have been evaluated.

  • The International Geological Map of Europe and the Mediteranean Regions 1 : 1 500 000 ("Carte Géologique Internationale de l'Europe et des Régions Méditerranéennes 1 : 1 500 000") shows the geology of the European continent from the Ural mountains in the east up to Island in the west and the whole mediteranean region in the south. The geology is differenciated in stratigraphy, igneous and metamorphic rocks. In addition there are two legend sheets and a title sheet. The language of the series is French.

  • The International Geological Map of Europe and the Mediteranean Regions 1 : 1 500 000 ("Carte Géologique Internationale de l'Europe et des Régions Méditerranéennes 1 : 1 500 000") shows the geology of the European continent from the Ural mountains in the east up to Island in the west and the whole mediteranean region in the south. The geology is differenciated in stratigraphy, igneous and metamorphic rocks. In addition there are two legend sheets and a title sheet. The language of the series is French.

  • The map of the groundwater influence on soils in Germany gives an overview of depth of groundwater below the surface. Soils that are influenced by groundwater usually have a limited crop yield. The map shows the classified depth of the groundwater. The ground water level is derived from profile data of the landuse stratified soil map of Germany at scale 1:1,000,000. The method is published in the Bodenkundliche Kartieranleitung 5 (2005) and in the documentation of "Ad-hoc-AG Boden" (representing the soil experts of the geological services of the German federal states). The land use information is derived from the CORINE Land Cover data set (2006).

  • The Map of Mineral Resources of Germany 1: 1,000,000 (BSK1000) provides the basic information on the spatial distribution of energy resources and mineral raw materials (‘stones and earth’, industrial minerals and ores) in Germany. The mineral resources are summarized in commodity groups, represented as different colored units. The back of the map contains information about the definition, creation, important deposits, use and economic significance of all the raw materials shown. The map is published by the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources in cooperation with the National Geological Surveys.

  • In order to exploit mineral raw materials close to the Earth's surface, experts are working on trans-regional and national planning documents. To do this, they need maps which clearly depict the raw materials close to the surface in Germany. KOR200 displays Germany's national raw material potential in a comparable way, thus forming a basis for future exploration and investigations as well as making a contribution towards the assurance of the supply of raw materials. The map follows the sheet line system of the topographical survey map 1:200.000 (TÜK 200) and consists of 55 sheets, each with an explanatory booklet. There is a review of the current situation, a description, a depiction and documentation of the occurrence and deposits of mineral raw materials which are usually extracted in mines either on or close to the Earth's surface. Such deposits include, in particular, industrial minerals, rocks and soils, peat, lignite, oil shale and brines. Besides the delimited deposits and areas of raw materials coloured according to the raw material in question, the maps also depict "mining areas" (=operations) or "focal points of several mining areas", each marked with a symbol. The map entries are - just as with the topographical basis - recorded in digitalised form in a databank, from which they can be retrieved via a computer using various search criteria. The entries in the map are supplemented by between 40 to 80 pages of textual explanations, which are currently available only in the printed edition of the map. The text is divided into: - introduction - description of the deposits and occurrence of useful rocks - supply and demand assessment of the deposits and occurrence of raw materials close to the Earth's surface in the area covered by the sheet - possible ways of using the useful rocks present in the sheet area - list of publications - appendix (with, amongst other things, a general legend and survey of sheets)

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