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  • Four marine geophysical and marine geological expeditions were carried out within the PANORAMA project. 2013: Panorama1 with research vessel RV OGS Explora, northern Barents Sea and Eurasian Basin; 2015: Panorama2 with RV OGS Explora, northern Barents Sea, Olga Basin; 2017 SEGMENT with RV Maria S. Merian, northeastern continental margin Greenland; 2018 GREENMATE with RV Polarstern, northeastern and northern continental margin Greenland. Geophysical data include 2D reflection seismic data and refraction seismic data (with OBS and sonar buoy, respectively. In addition, hydroacoustic data were recorded with the onboard multibeam echosounders and sediment echosounders, respectively. Furthermore, gravimetric and magnetic data were recorded. Geological and geochemical data were acquired using gravity corer and multi-corer. In the framework of the project Greenmate (2018) specimens were collected from the shore of NE Greenland using helicopters. Results are available to date in the following publications: Berglar Kai, Franke Dieter, Lutz Rüdiger, Schreckenberger Bernd, Damm Volkmar; Initial Opening of the Eurasian Basin, Arctic Ocean; Frontiers in Earth Science; 2016; DOI=10.3389/feart.2016.00091 Rüdiger Lutz, Dieter Franke, Kai Berglar, Ingo Heyde, Bernd Schreckenberger, Peter Klitzke, Wolfram H. Geissler; Evidence for mantle exhumation since the early evolution of the slow-spreading Gakkel Ridge, Arctic Ocean; Journal of Geodynamics; 2018; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jog.2018.01.014 Philipp Weniger, Martin Blumenberg, Kai Berglar, Axel Ehrhardt, Peter Klitzke, Martin Krüger, Rüdiger Lutz; Origin of near-surface hydrocarbon gases bound in northern Barents Sea sediments; Marine and Petroleum Geology; 2019 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2018.12.036 P. Klitzke, D. Franke, A. Ehrhardt, R. Lutz, L. Reinhardt, I. Heyde, J.I. Faleide; The paleozoic evolution of the Olga Basin region, northern Barents Sea – a link to the timanian orogeny; G-cubed, 20 (2) (2019); 10.1029/2018GC007814 Rüdiger Lutz, Peter Klitzke, Philipp Weniger, Martin Blumenberg, Dieter Franke, Lutz Reinhardt, Axel Ehrhardt, Kai Berglar; Basin and petroleum systems modelling in the northern Norwegian Barents Sea; Marine and Petroleum Geology; 2021; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2021.105128. Franke, D., Klitzke, P., Barckhausen, U., Berglar, K., Berndt, C., Damm, V., Dannowski, A., Ehrhardt, A., Engels, M., Funck, T., Geissler, W., Schnabel, M., Thorwart, M. & Trinhammer, P. (2019): Polyphase Magmatism During the Formation of the Northern East Greenland Continental Margin. - Tectonics, 38, 8: 2961–2982, DOI: 10.1029/2019tc005552.

  • GEMAS (Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural and Grazing Land Soil in Europe) is a cooperative project between the Geochemistry Expert Group of EuroGeoSurveys and Eurometeaux. In total, more than 60 international organisations and institutions worldwide were involved in the implementation of the project. During 2008 and 2009, a total of 2219 samples of agricultural (arable land soils, 0 – 20 cm, Ap samples) and 2127 samples of grazing land (pasture land soils, 0 – 10 cm, Gr samples) soil were collected at a density of 1 site/2 500 km² each from 33 European countries, covering an area of 5,600,000 km². All samples were analysed for 52 chemical elements after an aqua regia extraction, 41 by XRF (total), TC and TOC. In the agricultural soil samples, 57 elements in a mobile metal ion (MMI®) extraction and Pb isotopes ratios were also analysed. In addition to the chemical element contents, soil properties and soil parameters such as pH, particle size distribution, effective cation exchange capacity (CEC), MIR spectra and magnetic susceptibility were investigated and some coefficients were calculated. All analytical results were subject to tight external quality control procedures. The GEMAS project thus provides for the first time fully harmonised data for element concentrations and bioavailability of the elements at the continental (European) scale. The geochemical maps provided in the data series “GEMAS - Single element maps” and “GEMAS - Parameters and indices” show an unbiased representation of the distribution patterns of the investigated elements and parameters. The data series “GEMAS - Supporting information” provides additional information to support the interpretation of these geochemical maps. The data set “Annual precipitation” belonging to this data series provides maps of the annual precipitation in the project survey area in the years 1960-1990 and 1970-2000 (data sources: UCDAVIS, worldclim.org).

  • The idea to represent the main features of the European Quaternary was first discussed at the Second Congress of the International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) held in Leningrad (St. Petersburg) in 1932. Compiled by the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) in cooperation with the INQUA, the International Quaternary Map of Europe 1 : 2.500.000 was finished in 1995. It is jointly published by the BGR and UNESCO. Several Quaternary features such as end moraines, ground moraine hillocks, kames, drumlins, eskers and ice border lines are represented on the map. Additionally, the map shows the directions of ice movements, limits of marine transgressions and tectonic faults. Important localities of Quaternary discovery relating to both geology and prehistory, bathymetric lines and recent deposits covering the sea floor are also indicated as well. The legend on each of the 14 map sheets is in German and, depending on the territories covered, in English, French or Russian. The general legend is placed on map sheet number 15.

  • The K-factor of the Universal soil loss equation (USLE) describes the erodibility of soils. Basically the factor depends on six soil properties: the content of silt and very fine sand, the content of sand, the organic matter content, the permeability of the soil, the aggregation of the top soil and the stone content. The method has been adapted for the DIN 19708:2005-02. The first two factors are summarized. The K-factor can now be described by the soil texture class. The DIN method is published in the documentation of AG Boden (representing the soil experts of the geological surveys of the German federal states). For the application with soil maps, the method was adapted by the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR). The presented K-factor is based on the soil texture class, the organic content, the gravel content, the permeability of the soil and the aggregation of the top soil. The map shows the K-factor for soils in Germany based on the landuse stratified soil map of Germany at scale 1:1,000.000.

  • The International Hydrogeological Map of Europe, scale 1:1,500,000 is a series of general hydrogeological maps comprising 25 map sheets with explanatory notes, covering the whole European continent and parts of the Near East. The national contributions to this map series were compiled by hydrogeologists and experts in related sciences of the countries concerned under the auspices of the International Association of Hydrogeologists (IAH) and its Commission on Hydrogeological Maps (COHYM). The project is supported by the Commission for the Geological Map of the World (CGMW).The scientific editorial work is supported financially by the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany through the Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR) and by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). These organizations are responsible for the cartography, printing and publication of the map sheets and explanatory notes.The series of hydrogeological maps seeks to represent the hydrogeological setting of Europe as a whole without regard to political boundaries. Together with the information presented in the accompanying explanatory notes, the map can be used for scientific purposes, for large-scale regional planning and as a basis for detailed hydrogeological mapping.

  • GEMAS (Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural and Grazing Land Soil in Europe) is a cooperative project between the Geochemistry Expert Group of EuroGeoSurveys and Eurometeaux. In total, more than 60 international organisations and institutions worldwide were involved in the implementation of the project. During 2008 and 2009, a total of 2219 samples of agricultural (arable land soils, 0 – 20 cm, Ap samples) and 2127 samples of grazing land (pasture land soils, 0 – 10 cm, Gr samples) soil were collected at a density of 1 site/2 500 km² each from 33 European countries, covering an area of 5,600,000 km². All samples were analysed for 52 chemical elements after an aqua regia extraction, 41 by XRF (total), TC and TOC. In addition, the agricultural soil samples were analysed for 57 elements in a mobile metal ion (MMI®) extraction and Pb isotopes. All analytical results were subject to tight external quality control procedures. The GEMAS project thus provides for the first time fully harmonised data for element concentrations and bioavailability of the elements at the continental (European) scale. The downloadable files present the areal distribution of the element contents determined by different analytical methods in the shape of colour shaded contour maps with a classification in 7 and 72 levels each.

  • BGR conducted an airborne survey in the region of the Stassfurt-Egeln salt anticline as part of a BMBF research project "Dynamic processes in flooded or abandoned salt mines and their overburden”. The survey area Stassfurt (2007) is bounded by the towns and settlements Aschersleben, Kroppenstedt, Hadmersleben, Altenweddingen, Atzendorf, Förderstedt and Bernburg. The size of the area is about 467 km². The area was surveyed with 29 flights totalling 5131 line-km (1,305,181 survey points). The nominal separation of the 161 SE-NW lines and 33 NE-SW tie lines was 100 m and 1000 m, respectively. The map displays the anomalies of the magnetic field of the earth including man-made effects.

  • The International Geological Map of Europe and the Mediteranean Regions 1 : 1 500 000 ("Carte Géologique Internationale de l'Europe et des Régions Méditerranéennes 1 : 1 500 000") shows the geology of the European continent from the Ural mountains in the east up to Island in the west and the whole mediteranean region in the south. The geology is differenciated in stratigraphy, igneous and metamorphic rocks. In addition there are two legend sheets and a title sheet. The language of the series is French.

  • GEMAS (Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural and Grazing Land Soil in Europe) is a cooperative project between the Geochemistry Expert Group of EuroGeoSurveys and Eurometeaux. In total, more than 60 international organisations and institutions worldwide were involved in the implementation of the project. During 2008 and 2009, a total of 2219 samples of agricultural (arable land soils, 0 – 20 cm, Ap samples) and 2127 samples of grazing land (pasture land soils, 0 – 10 cm, Gr samples) soil were collected at a density of 1 site/2 500 km² each from 33 European countries, covering an area of 5,600,000 km². All samples were analysed for 52 chemical elements after an aqua regia extraction, 41 by XRF (total), TC and TOC. In the agricultural soil samples, 57 elements in a mobile metal ion (MMI®) extraction and Pb isotopes ratios were also analysed. In addition to the chemical element contents, soil properties and soil parameters such as pH, particle size distribution, effective cation exchange capacity (CEC), MIR spectra and magnetic susceptibility were investigated and some coefficients were calculated. All analytical results were subject to tight external quality control procedures. The GEMAS project thus provides for the first time fully harmonised data for element concentrations and bioavailability of the elements at the continental (European) scale. The geochemical maps provided in the data series “GEMAS - Single element maps” and “GEMAS - Parameters and indices” show an unbiased representation of the distribution patterns of the investigated elements and parameters. The data series “GEMAS - Supporting information” provides additional information to support the interpretation of these geochemical maps. The data set “Soil classes” belonging to this data series provides maps of the distribution of soil classes in the project survey area. The information on soil classes is based on the results of the investigation of the particle size distribution in the samples.

  • The International Map of the Iron Ore Deposits of Europe 1 : 2.500.000 completed in 1977 is published by the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) About 70 geoscientists from Europe, North Africa, Eastern Europe and Middle East collaborated with the Editorial Staff in the compilation of the map and the Editorial Notes. More than 800 iron ore deposits are represented on the map which covers 42 countries in 16 map sheets. All deposits of importance, either actually being mined or recently abandoned, are included. Deposits of only genetic or historic interest are also shown. Detailed information on the Map of Iron Ore Deposits of Europe - to its structure, arrangement and background data - can be found in the Explanatory Notes to the Map

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