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  • Two strong eruptions of Stromboli Volcano (38.789°N 15.213°E, 920 m) occurred on July 3rd and August 28th 2019. This data set provides the infrasound records in terms of raw pressure data in Pascal of both eruptions available at BGR’s infrasound array I26DE in Germany as well as infrasound arrays OHP and CEA in France. The publication “Using dense seismo-acoustic network to provide timely warning of the 2019 paroxysmal Stromboli eruptions” (Le Pichon et al., 2021, Scientific Reports) provides further details on this data set and its scientific application. Data format: The data are provided as ASCII files (separate file for each infrasound sensor and hour of measurement, plus a README file).

  • A global Earth Magnetic Anomaly Grid (EMAG2) was compiled from satellite, ship and airborne magnetic measurements. (Maus et al., 2009) Over the continents and the Arctic we made use of exisiting magnetic anomaly grids, whereas original ship and airborne trackline data were processed over the rest of the oceans, wherever available. CHAMP satellite magnetic measurements provided the magnetic field at wavelengths above 330 km. The EMAG2 grid is available at http://geomag.org and http://ngdc.noaa.gov. Directional gridding Due to the sparsity of magnetic field measurements in the southern oceans, it is necessary to interpolate the magnetic field between tracklines. Our interpolation algorithm takes the direction of the magnetic lineations into account. Tje lineations are parallel to the isochrons, which are perpendicular to the gradient of the age of teh oceanic crust. We use the age grid of Müller et al. (2008). The magnetic field ad a given grid point is computet by Least Squares Collocation from the surrounding measurements. If the point is on land, we use an isotropic correlation function with Rc = 14 km correlation length. Over the oceans we use Rc = 56 km parallel to the isochrons and Rc = 14 km in the spreading direction. Measurements seperated from the grid point by an age discontinuity or a topographic feature are excluded from the collation.

  • This data set builds upon the broadband detection lists of the International Monitoring System (IMS)’s infrasound stations. The infrasound data of these stations are regularly (re-)processed at the German National Data Centre at BGR (e.g., Ceranna et al., 2019; https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75140-5_13) using the Progressive Multi-Channel Correlation (PMCC) array processing method (Cansi, 1995; https://doi.org/10.1029/95GL00468). The latest reprocessing with 26 one-third octave spaced frequency bands in the IMS band of interest (0.01 to 4 Hz) included all 53 stations that were certified within the period 2003 to 2020. Based on the resulting broadband detection lists, this data set expands on former analyses of the coherent ambient noise. For each station with a data availability of at least one year (by the end of 2020), monthly reference histograms for the detection parameters back azimuth, apparent speed, and root-mean-squared amplitude are provided. The histograms provide a means to determine the deviation from nominal monthly behaviour and thus enable assessing the plausibility of detections and potential anomalies – without determining their cause – in the detected parameters. Overall, these quality metrics will be, among other applications, a useful supplement to the open-access IMS infrasound data products provided by Hupe et al., which are also available in BGR’s product centre. Further details of the reference histograms are described in the following publication by Kristoffersen et al.: "Updated global reference models of broadband coherent infrasound signals for atmospheric studies and civilian applications" (https://doi.org/10.1029/2022EA002222).

  • Rocket launches for space missions are well-defined ground-truth events generating strong infrasonic signatures. This data set covers ground-truth information for 1001 rocket launches from 27 global spaceports between 2009 and mid-2020. Infrasound signatures from up to 73% of the launches were identified at infrasound arrays of the International Monitoring System. The detection parameters were obtained using the Progressive Multi-Channel Correlation (PMCC) algorithm. Propagation and quality parameters supplement the PMCC detection parameters in this dataset. The results are provided for further use as a ground-truth reference in geophysical and atmospheric research. The open-access publication “1001 Rocket Launches for Space Missions and their Infrasonic Signature” (Pilger et al., 2021, Geophys. Res. Letters, doi:10.1029/2020GL092262) provides further details on this data set. Data format: The data are provided both as ASCII files (separate lists of infrasound signatures and rocket launch events, plus README files) and as a comprehensive netCDF file.

  • This dataset consists of data products derived from broadband signal detection lists that have been processed for the certified infrasound stations of the International Monitoring System. More specifically, within the CTBT-relevant infrasound range (around 0.01-4 Hz), this dataset covers higher frequencies (1-3 Hz) and is therefore called the ‘hf’ product. The temporal resolution (time step and window length) is 5 min. For processing the infrasound data, the Progressive Multi-Channel Correlation (PMCC) array processing algorithm with a one-third octave frequency band configuration between 0.01 and 4 Hz has been used. The detected signals from the most dominant directions in terms of number of arrivals within a time window and the product-specific frequency range are summarized at predefined time steps. Along with several detection parameters such as the back azimuth, apparent velocity, or mean frequency, additional quantities for assessing the relative quality of the detection parameters are provided. The dataset is available as a compressed .zip file containing the yearly data products (.nc files, NetCDF format) of all certified stations (since 2003). Further information on the processing and details about the open-access data products can be found in: Hupe et al. (2022), IMS infrasound data products for atmospheric studies and civilian applications, Earth System Science Data, doi:10.5194/essd-14-4201-2022

  • Regarding the use of renewable energy and the reduction of greenhouse-gas emissions, the geological storage of fluids is of particular interest. Therefore, reservoir and barrier formations in the German North Sea come into focus. Due to the widespread distribution of storage and barrier rocks at suitable depths and in combination with a relatively low tectonic overprint, the West Schleswig Block region in the German North Sea shows a high prospectivity for CO2 storage. By means of this high-resolution 2D reflection seismic survey, we want to investigate the potential impairment of geological barriers at the top of geological storage formations (i.e. claystones/mudstones and salt of the Upper Buntsandstein, mudstone dominated formations of the Lower Cretaceous and of the Tertiary). The seismic acquisition setup with a 2400 m active streamer cable with 384 channels will allow a precise image of near-surface structures, such as Quaternary channels, seismic pipe structures, chimneys, polygonal fault systems and crestal faults. In the time period between Nov. 13th and Nov. 24th we acquired 32 lines 2D seismic reflection data (about 1500 km in total) in combination with gravity data, multibeam data and sediment echosounder data. The seismic data resolve the sediments from the seafloor down to the base of the Zechstein. With the acquired data, the sediments of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic up to the seafloor (2-3 seconds of twoway-traveltime) will be imaged in high-resolution for the first time. The imaged fault systems will be investigated regarding their ability to build seal bypass systems. In addition, we acquired seismic data across the Figge Maar blowout crater and we intend to compare these data with the seismic data from the West Schleswig Block.

  • This dataset consists of data products derived from broadband signal detection lists that have been processed for the certified infrasound stations of the International Monitoring System. More specifically, this dataset, called the ‘maw’ product, covers a very low frequency range of infrasound (0.02-0.07 Hz). The temporal resolution (time step and window length) is 30 min. For processing the infrasound data, the Progressive Multi-Channel Correlation (PMCC) array processing algorithm with a one-third octave frequency band configuration between 0.01 and 4 Hz has been used. The detected signals from the most dominant directions in terms of number of arrivals within a time window and the product-specific frequency range are summarized at predefined time steps. Along with several detection parameters such as the back azimuth, apparent velocity, or mean frequency, additional quantities for assessing the relative quality of the detection parameters are provided. The dataset is available as a compressed .zip file containing the yearly data products (.nc files, NetCDF format) of all certified stations (since 2003). Further information on the processing and details about the open-access data products can be found in: Hupe et al. (2022), IMS infrasound data products for atmospheric studies and civilian applications, Earth System Science Data, doi:10.5194/essd-14-4201-2022.

  • The cruise leg MSM09/3 was conducted as a cooperative project between the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Resources (BGR), the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS) and Dalhousie University. The data format is Society of Exploration Geophysicists SEG Y. A geophysical survey covered areas of Baffin Bay and Davis Strait between Greenland and the Canadian Baffin Island. A component of the IPY 2007/08 Lead Project Plate Tectonics and Polar Gateways in the Earth System (PLATES & GATES), this project DAVIS GATE is aimed to develop a tectonic and sedimentary reconstruction of the opening process of this oceanic gateway. Baffin Bay and Davis Strait play an important role in the shallow water exchange from the Arctic to the Atlantic Ocean. The plate-tectonic evolution as well as the magmatic history of this region has been sparsely known and required a careful geophysical investigation in order to construct a set of gridded detailed paleotopographic maps for a complete geodynamic reconstruction of this gateway. With a set of three seismic refraction/wide-angle reflection profiles, using ocean-bottom seismometers on 62 stations, as well as multi-channel reflection seismic recordings with a 3000-m long streamer, data were acquired from the sedimentary cover to the deep crust and even from parts of the uppermost mantle. Additional seismic data supplement these profiles and provide insights into the structures of the basement and dominant fault zones such as the Ungava fault system. A parallel running magnetic survey aimed to resolve the temporal evolution of the oceanic crust of Baffin Bay. The extension and subsidence of the continental and transitional crust in the Davis Strait and the evolution of oceanic crust in the Labrador Sea and Baffin Bay could be investigated with dataset to which continuously recorded gravity anomaly data and sub-bottom profiler data also contribute. This dataset provides the basis of geometrical and physical properties of the crust required for a realistic geodynamic model which will describe the break-up and the ocean basin evolution between Greenland and Canada in terms of detailed paleo-topography.

  • In July/August 1988 a seismic reconnaisance survey was carried out with F.S. Polarstern on the perennially ice covered East Greenland shelf between latitudes 73°N and 81°N. The data format is Society of Exploration Geophysicists SEG Y. 14 reflection seismic lines with a total length of 2.016 km and 12 sonobuoy refraction profiles were recorded. The following results were obtained: •On the wide Holm Land shelf province north of 79°N three possible Cretaceous rift basins were observed. •A buildup of layered extrusive basaltic rocks forming a wedge of seaward dipping reflectors underlies the Holm Land continental slope. •On the Northeastern Greenland shelf province the existence of a wide sedimentary basin was demonstrated north of 76°N. •South of 76°N four volcanic structures from the continent to ocean were observed: The zone of Early Tertiary plateau basalts (zone I) that occur landward of an escarpment, a flat lying basaltic flow unit immediately seaward of the escarpment (zone II), an elongate wedge of seaward dipping reflectors (zone IIIa), a basaltic flow unit which in places shows seaward dipping beds of short length (zone IIIb), and the oceanic crust. •Dyke swarms and intrusions of inferred Neogene age were recognized at several locations.

  • In September 1993, the Federal Institute for Geoscience and Natural Resources (BGR) has carried out in cooperation with Sevmorneftegeofizika (SMNG), Murmansk a 2D-seismic survey of the eastern part of the Laptev Sea shelf. The data format is Society of Exploration Geophysicists SEG Y. During the survey with a total length of 3189 km the 70 km wide New Siberian Basin and two other basins were mapped. In the central part of the New Siberian Basin, a Tertiary sediment thickness of more than 4 km overlying older sediments was observed. Further to the east, a large area covered by lava flows of unknown thickness was investigated. There are no indications of a propagation of real seafloor spreading into the Laptev Shelf and thus the Asian continental crust. Therefore seafloor spreading seems impossible at total spreading rates below 0.7 cm/year, at least for crust of the character which is present here.

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