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  • Zambia faces an increasing demand of industrial- and drinking water. In the field Zambia faces an increasing demand of industrial- and drinking water. In the fields of water supply and management, the Zambian government cooperates with BGR as one of the implementing agencies of the German Development Cooperation and other partners. The project "Groundwater Resources for Southern Province" aims at solutions for the southern parts of the country in which surface water is scarce and only temporarily available. Accurate and updated information about quality and quantity on both surface and groundwater resources is required to regulate its use and to establish an integrated and sustainable management of the Nation’s water resources. One result of data research is reflected in the GIS-based Hydrogeological Map "Southern Kariba Lake and Kalomo", scale 1:250,000.

  • The International Geological Map of Europe and the Mediteranean Regions 1 : 1 500 000 ("Carte Géologique Internationale de l'Europe et des Régions Méditerranéennes 1 : 1 500 000") shows the geology of the European continent from the Ural mountains in the east up to Island in the west and the whole mediteranean region in the south. The geology is differenciated in stratigraphy, igneous and metamorphic rocks. In addition there are two legend sheets and a title sheet. The language of the series is French.

  • The International Map of the Iron Ore Deposits of Europe 1 : 2.500.000 completed in 1977 is published by the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) About 70 geoscientists from Europe, North Africa, Eastern Europe and Middle East collaborated with the Editorial Staff in the compilation of the map and the Editorial Notes. More than 800 iron ore deposits are represented on the map which covers 42 countries in 16 map sheets. All deposits of importance, either actually being mined or recently abandoned, are included. Deposits of only genetic or historic interest are also shown. Detailed information on the Map of Iron Ore Deposits of Europe - to its structure, arrangement and background data - can be found in the Explanatory Notes to the Map

  • The Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) provides regular and systematic reference information on the physical state, variability and dynamics of the ocean and marine ecosystems for the global ocean and the European regional seas. The observations and forecasts produced by the service support all marine applications. For instance, the provision of data on currents, winds and sea ice help to improve ship routing services, offshore operations or search and rescue operations, thus contributing to marine safety. The service also contributes to the protection and the sustainable management of living marine resources in particular for aquaculture, fishery research or regional fishery organisations. Physical and marine biogeochemical components are useful for water quality monitoring and pollution control. Sea level rise helps to assess coastal erosion. Sea surface temperature is one of the primary physical impacts of climate change and has direct consequences on marine ecosystems. As a result of this, the service supports a wide range of coastal and marine environment applications. Many of the data delivered by the service (e.g. temperature, salinity, sea level, currents, wind and sea ice) also play a crucial role in the domain of weather, climate and seasonal forecasting.

  • GOME (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment) stands for a family of satellite instruments named after the first GOME (https://wdc.dlr.de/sensors/gome/) instrument on ERS-2 launched in April 1995. Currently two GOME-2 instruments are operative on Metop-A and B (https://wdc.dlr.de/sensors/gome2/). The tropical tropospheric ozone is retrieved with convective cloud differential method (Valks et al., 2014 http://www.atmos-meas-tech.net/7/2513/2014/amt-7-2513-2014.html). The tropospheric column is retrieved by subtracting the stratospheric ozone column from the total column. The stratospheric ozone column is estimated as the column above high reaching convective clouds.

  • The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment-2 (GOME-2) was launched on October 2006 on board EUMETSAT's Metereological Operational Satellite (MetOp-A). This instrument continues the long-term monitoring of atmospheric trace gas constituents started with GOME/ERS-2 and SCIAMACHY/Envisat. It can measure a range of atmospheric trace constituents, with the emphasis on global ozone distributions. Furthermore cloud properties and intensities of ultraviolet radiation are retrieved. These data are crucial for monitoring the atmospheric composition and the detection of pollutants.DLR generates operational GOME-2/MetOp level 2 products in the framework of EUMETSAT's Satellite Application Facility on Atmospheric Chemistry Monitoring (AC-SAF). GOME-2 near-real-time products are available already two hours after sensing. OCRA (Optical Cloud Recognition Algorithm) and ROCINN (Retrieval of Cloud Information using Neural Networks) [Loyola et al. (2007) and Loyola et al. (2010)] are used for retrieving geophysical cloud properties from GOME-type sensors. OCRA uses the PMD devices on GOME to deliver the cloud fractions of the measured ground pixel. ROCINN takes the OCRA cloud fraction as input and uses a neural network scheme to invert GOME-type reflectivities in and around the O2 A band. The cloud-top pressure for GOME scenes is derived from the cloud-top height provided by ROCINN and an appropriated pressure profile. For more details please refer to https://atmos.eoc.dlr.de/app/missions/gome2

  • The FireBIRD mission consists of two small satellites, TET-1 and BIROS. Together, the two satellites are on an Earth observation mission that aims to detect forest fires, or high-temperature events, from space. The new infrared system provides high-quality data that is capable of measuring the spread of the fire and the amount of heat generated with great accuracy very early on - almost in real time - meaning that FireBIRD can serve as an early warning system. The data acquired from this Earth observation mission can also be used as a basis for scientific climate research. In addition to the main payload of the cameras, further experiments have been planned for developing the technology on board the small satellites. Further information can be found on the following website: http://www.dlr.de/firebird/en/ and in the FireBIRD brochure available at: http://www.dlr.de/firebird/en/Portaldata/79/Resources/dokumente/FireBIRD_Broschuere_HighRes_v3_english.pdf

  • The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment-2 (GOME-2) was launched on October 2006 on board EUMETSAT's Metereological Operational Satellite (MetOp-A). This instrument continues the long-term monitoring of atmospheric trace gas constituents started with GOME/ERS-2 and SCIAMACHY/Envisat. It can measure a range of atmospheric trace constituents, with the emphasis on global ozone distributions. Furthermore cloud properties and intensities of ultraviolet radiation are retrieved. These data are crucial for monitoring the atmospheric composition and the detection of pollutants. DLR generates operational GOME-2/MetOp level 2 products in the framework of EUMETSAT's Satellite Application Facility on Atmospheric Chemistry Monitoring (AC-SAF). GOME-2 near-real-time products are available already two hours after sensing. The operational NO2 total column products are generated using the algorithm GDP (GOME Data Processor) version 4.x integrated into the UPAS (Universal Processor for UV/VIS Atmospheric Spectrometers) processor for generating level 2 trace gas and cloud products. The total NO2 column is retrieved from GOME solar backscattered measurements in the visible wavelength region (425-450 nm), using the Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) method. A description of the total NO2 algorithm and validation is given in the reference documents listed in the GOME documentation and GOME-2 documentation pages. The GDP 4.0 algorithm [Van Roozendael et al. (2006)] became operational for GOME/ERS-2 in 2004 after an independent geophysical validation [Balis et al. (2006)]. Further algorithm development was performed in the framework of EUMETSAT AC-SAF where GDP 4.x for NO2 [Valks et al. (2011)]. is the current operational algorithm for GOME-2/MetOp-A. For more details please refer to https://atmos.eoc.dlr.de/app/missions/gome2

  • This collection contains Sentinel-5 Precursor Level-2 atmospheric measurements derived from the TROPOMI spectrometer. The products consist of the geolocated aerosol index with a spatial resolution of 7 × 3.5 km observed at about 13:30 local solar time from spectra measured by TROPOMI. The main objective of the Copernicus Sentinel-5P mission is to perform atmospheric measurements with high spatio-temporal resolution, to be used for air quality, ozone and UV radiation, and climate monitoring and forecasting. Sensor: TROPOMI (TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument) Revisit time and coverage: daily global coverage Launch date: 13 October 2017 Archiving start date: 10 July 2018 Mission Status: ongoing Terms and conditions for the use of Sentinel data: https://scihub.copernicus.eu/twiki/pub/SciHubWebPortal/TermsConditions/TC_Sentinel_Data_31072014.pdf Sentinel-5P Mission Overview: https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/missions/sentinel-5p Sentinel-5P TROPOMI Level-2 Products and Algorithms: https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/technical-guides/sentinel-5p/products-algorithms Sentinel-5P TROPOMI Level 2 Product User Aerosol Index: https://sentinel.esa.int/documents/247904/2474726/Sentinel-5P-Level-2-Product-User-Manual-Aerosol-Index-product Suggested software for visualization: https://www.giss.nasa.gov/tools/panoply/ File format of measurement data: netCDF

  • This collection contains Sentinel-5 Precursor Level-2 atmospheric measurements derived from the TROPOMI spectrometer. The products consist of the geolocated nitrogen dioxide tropospheric column with a spatial resolution of 7 × 3.5 km observed at about 13:30 local solar time from spectra measured by TROPOMI. The main objective of the Copernicus Sentinel-5P mission is to perform atmospheric measurements with high spatio-temporal resolution, to be used for air quality, ozone and UV radiation, and climate monitoring and forecasting. Sensor: TROPOMI (TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument) Revisit time and coverage: daily global coverage Launch date: 13 October 2017 Archiving start date: 10 July 2018 Mission Status: ongoing Terms and conditions for the use of Sentinel data: https://scihub.copernicus.eu/twiki/pub/SciHubWebPortal/TermsConditions/TC_Sentinel_Data_31072014.pdf Sentinel-5P Mission Overview: https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/missions/sentinel-5p Sentinel-5P TROPOMI Level-2 Products and Algorithms: https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/technical-guides/sentinel-5p/products-algorithms Sentinel-5P TROPOMI Level 2 Product User Manual NO2 Total and Tropospheric Columns: https://sentinel.esa.int/documents/247904/2474726/Sentinel-5P-Level-2-Product-User-Manual-Nitrogen-Dioxide Suggested software for visualization: https://www.giss.nasa.gov/tools/panoply/ File format of measurement data: netCDF

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