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  • This data set is based on the GTOPO30 DEM produced by the USGS EDC. The BOREAS region (1,000km x 1000km) was extracted from the GTOPO30 data and reprojected by BOREAS staff into the AEAC projection. The pixel size of these data is 1 km. [ This document was provided by NASA's Global Change Master Directory. For more information on the source of this metadata please visit[GCMD]BOREAS_REG_AEAC ]

  • TanDEM-X (TerraSAR-X add-on for Digital Elevation Measurements) is an Earth observation radar mission that consists of a SAR interferometer built by two almost identical satellites flying in close formation. With a typical separation between the satellites of 120m to 500m a global Digital Elevation Model (DEM) has been generated. The main objective of the TanDEM-X mission is to create a precise 3D map of the Earth's land surfaces that is homogeneous in quality and unprecedented in accuracy. The data acquisition was completed in 2015 and production of the global DEM was completed in September 2016. The absolute height error is with about 1m an order of magnitude below the 10m requirement. The TanDEM-X 90m DEM is a product variant of the global Digital Elevation Model (DEM) acquired in the frame of the German TanDEM-X mission between 2010 and 2015, and has a reduced pixel spacing of 3 arcseconds (90m at the equator). It covers all Earth’s landmasses from pole to pole. For more information concerning the TanDEM-X 90m DEM, the reader is referred to: For more information concerning the TanDEM-X mission, the reader is referred to:

  • This data set was prepared by BORIS staff by reformatting the original data into the ARC/INFO Generate format. The original data were received in SIF at a scale of 1:50,000. BORIS staff could not find a format document or commercial software for reading SIF; the BOREAS HYD-08 team provided some C source code that could read some of the SIF files. The data cover the BOREAS NSA and SSA. The original data were compiled from information available in the 1970s and 1980s. [ This document was provided by NASA's Global Change Master Directory. For more information on the source of this metadata please visit[GCMD]BOREAS_ELEV_ARC ]

  • The Vegetation/Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project (VEMAP) is an ongoing multiinstitutional, international effort addressing the response of biogeography and biogeochemistry to environmental variability in climate and other drivers in both space and time domains. The objectives of VEMAP are the intercomparison of biogeochemistry models and vegetationtype distribution models (biogeography models) and determination of their sensitivity to changing climate, elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations, and other sources of altered forcing. The VEMAP data set includes three georeferencing and three cell area variables. Data Citation: This data set should be cited as follows: Kittel, T. G. F., N. A. Rosenbloom, T. H. Painter, D. S. Schimel, H. H. Fisher, A. Grimsdell, VEMAP Participants, C. Daly, and E. R. Hunt, Jr. 2002. VEMAP Phase I Database, revised. Available on-line from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. [ This document was provided by NASA's Global Change Master Directory. For more information on the source of this metadata please visit[GCMD]VEMAP_1_GEOREF ]

  • The SRTM X-SAR Hillshade Mosaic is a greyscale shaded relief based on the SRTM X-SAR Elevation Mosaic. Combined with the latter, it can be used to add a 3d effect and enhance the visual resolution by pronouncing peaks and valleys.

  • The reference layer is for the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) elevation 1 arc second (30 meter) dataset. SRTM aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour, launched on Feb. 11, 2000, used the same radar instrument that comprised the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) that flew twice on the Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1994. SRTM was assigned to collect 3-D measurements of the Earth's surface. To collect the 3-D data, engineers added a 60-meter (approximately 200-foot) mast, installed additional C-band and X-band antennas, and improved tracking and navigation devices. The mission is a cooperative project between NASA, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) of the U.S. Department of Defense and the German and Italian space agencies. It is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, Washington, D.C. NGA applied several post-processing "finishing" steps to these data including editing, spike and well removal, water body leveling and coastline definition. [Summary provided by the USGS.] [ This document was provided by NASA's Global Change Master Directory. For more information on the source of this metadata please visit[GCMD]USGS_SRTM_Elev_1arcsec_Index ]

  • Die HFP sind in der Örtlichkeit dauerhaft durch Marken aus Metall ( Höhenbolzen ) i.d.R. an Bauwerken, im Fels oder an besonderen Punktträgern vermarkt. Grundsätzlich sind deren Höhen und ggfs. die Koordinaten und Schwerewerte bestimmt. Z. Zt. werden die HFP noch ausschließlich durch geometrisches Nivellement, in Form eines geschlossenen Nivellementweges (Schleife), der auch aus mehreren netzbildenden Linien bestehen kann, bestimmt. Deshalb spricht man auch von Nivellementpunkten (NivP). Der Nachweis der HFP umfasst: - Punktdaten in Form von Höhen-, Schwerewerte und Lagekoordinaten - Punktbeschreibungen (Einmessungsskizzen) - Punktübersichten auf der Grundlage der Topographischen Karte 1:25000 (TK 25) mit Punktsignaturen und -nummern

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