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  • Two strong eruptions of Stromboli Volcano (38.789°N 15.213°E, 920 m) occurred on July 3rd and August 28th 2019. This data set provides the infrasound records in terms of raw pressure data in Pascal of both eruptions available at BGR’s infrasound array I26DE in Germany as well as infrasound arrays OHP and CEA in France. The publication “Using dense seismo-acoustic network to provide timely warning of the 2019 paroxysmal Stromboli eruptions” (Le Pichon et al., 2021, Scientific Reports) provides further details on this data set and its scientific application. Data format: The data are provided as ASCII files (separate file for each infrasound sensor and hour of measurement, plus a README file).

  • The World Settlement Footprint (WSF) 2019 is a 10m resolution binary mask outlining the extent of human settlements globally derived by means of 2019 multitemporal Sentinel-1 (S1) and Sentinel-2 (S2) imagery. Based on the hypothesis that settlements generally show a more stable behavior with respect to most land-cover classes, temporal statistics are calculated for both S1- and S2-based indices. In particular, a comprehensive analysis has been performed by exploiting a number of reference building outlines to identify the most suitable set of temporal features (ultimately including 6 from S1 and 25 from S2). Training points for the settlement and non-settlement class are then generated by thresholding specific features, which varies depending on the 30 climate types of the well-established Köppen Geiger scheme. Next, binary classification based on Random Forest is applied and, finally, a dedicated post-processing is performed where ancillary datasets are employed to further reduce omission and commission errors. Here, the whole classification process has been entirely carried out within the Google Earth Engine platform. To assess the high accuracy and reliability of the WSF2019, two independent crowd-sourcing-based validation exercises have been carried out with the support of Google and Mapswipe, respectively, where overall 1M reference labels have been collected based photointerpretation of very high-resolution optical imagery.

  • The IGME5000-EU (INSPIRE) represents the pre-quaternary bedrock geology (onshore and offshore) of the European map on a scale of 1:5,000,000. According to the Data Specification on Geology (D2.8.II.4_v3.0) the geological map provides INSPIRE-compliant data. The WMS IGME5000-EU contains layers of the geologic units (GE.GeologicUnit) and faults (GE.GeologicFault) mostly displayed according to the INSPIRE portrayal rules. The geologic units are represented graphically by stratigraphy (GE.GeologicUnit.AgeOfRocks) and lithology (GE.GeologicUnit.Lithology). For different geochronologic minimum and maximum ages, e.g. Ordovician - Silurian, the portrayal is defined by the color of the geochronologic minimum age (olderNamedAge). The portrayal of the lithology is defined by the first named rock or rock group. In case of the geologic units the user obtains detailed information via the getFeatureInfo request on the lithology and stratigraphy (age).

  • The IGME5000-EU (INSPIRE) represents the pre-quaternary bedrock geology (onshore and offshore) of the European map on a scale of 1:5,000,000. According to the Data Specification on Geology (D2.8.II.4_v3.0) the content of the geological map is stored in two INSPIRE-compliant GML files: IGME5000-EU_GeologicUnit.gml contains the geologic units and IGME5000-EU_GeologicStructure.gml comprises the faults. The GML files together with a Readme.txt file are provided in ZIP format (IGME5000-EU-INSPIRE.zip). The Readme.text file (German/English) contains detailed information on the GML files content. Data transformation was proceeded by using the INSPIRE Solution Pack for FME according to the INSPIRE requirements.

  • Navigation Lock Filling - Modeled Geometry and Physical Model Measurement Data This data set provides the geometry files and physical model measurement data for the filling process of a large navigation lock with a ship in the lock chamber from a water saving basin. The measured data contains water levels, pressure differences, forces on the ship and the opening height of the valves. The lock consists of a lock chamber with a pressure chamber underneath. Both chambers are hydraulically connected with vertical cylindrical filling nozzles inside the floor between both chambers. The three lateral saving basins are connected to the pressure chamber via two lateral culverts each of smoothly varying rectangular shape. Each saving basin has two of these connecting culverts. A vertical lifting valve in each culvert allows the controlled filling operation from the saving basins into the pressure chamber. In the experiment, the lock chamber is filled from the lowest saving basin. The physical model was constructed at a scale of 1:25. The provided data (geometry and model test results) is scaled to prototype scale by Froude's similitude. The data was used in the following publication: Thorenz, C., Schulze, L. (2021): Numerical Investigations of Ship Forces During Lockage. Journal of Coastal and Hydraulic Strucures. Please cite the paper when using the data.

  • The Sentinel-2 fractional vegetation cover (fCover) product for the Netherlands was produced as part of the NextGEOSS project at the German Aerospace Center (DLR). The goal is to derive abundance maps from atmospherically corrected Sentinel-2 multispectral images for: photosynthetically active vegetation (PV); and for combined non-photosynthetically active vegetation (NPV) and bare soil (BS). The fCover product for the Netherlands has been generated by processing 10 cloud-free Sentinel-2 tiles which covered the country on 8 September 2016. The map has a spatial resolution of 60m x 60m. The Sentinel-2 scene classification layer was used to ensure that the spectral unmixing was only performed on areas of vegetation or soil. The abundance maps were made by performing MESMA unmixing on each pixel from an endmember library of PV and combined NPV + BS spectra. The purest pixels in a scene, called endmembers, were extracted using the Spatial-Spectral Endmember Extraction (SSEE) approach. The PV and NPV+BS endmembers were classified with a random forest approach and selected to form the spectral library. The spectral library was used in the µMESMA unmixing to get the PV and NPV+BS abundances.

  • INSPIRE theme Maritime Units. These are condensed coordinates of the sea border maps 2920 (North Sea) and 2921 (Baltic Sea). They are (interpolated) coordinates compressed to geodetic lines. The distance between the nodes on the geodetic lines connecting the defined border points is less than or equal to 100 m. The sea borders of Germany were proclaimed in the coordinate system European Datum 1950 (ED50), which is no longer used today. The basis for this determination is in particular the promulgation of the proclamation of the Federal Government on the expansion of the German territorial sea of 19 October 1994 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 3428) and the proclamation of the Federal Republic of Germany on the establishment of an exclusive economic zone of 25 November 1994 (Federal Law Gazette II p. 3769), which are decisive with regard to the delimitation of the German territorial sea and the German exclusive economic zone. In order to make better use of these boundaries in today's geoinformation systems and to avoid conversion errors, the BSH has derived the present utility coordinates in WGS 84. In this respect they are not official maritime borders of Germany.

  • INSPIRE theme Maritime Units. These are condensed coordinates of the sea border maps 2920 (North Sea) and 2921 (Baltic Sea). They are (interpolated) coordinates compressed to geodetic lines. The distance between the nodes on the geodetic lines connecting the defined border points is less than or equal to 100 m. The sea borders of Germany were proclaimed in the coordinate system European Datum 1950 (ED50), which is no longer used today. The basis for this determination is in particular the promulgation of the proclamation of the Federal Government on the expansion of the German territorial sea of 19 October 1994 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 3428) and the proclamation of the Federal Republic of Germany on the establishment of an exclusive economic zone of 25 November 1994 (Federal Law Gazette II p. 3769), which are decisive with regard to the delimitation of the German territorial sea and the German exclusive economic zone. In order to make better use of these boundaries in today's geoinformation systems and to avoid conversion errors, the BSH has derived the present utility coordinates in WGS 84. In this respect they are not official maritime borders of Germany.

  • INSPIRE theme Sea Regions.

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