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From 1 - 10 / 31990
  • The International Geological Map of Europe and the Mediteranean Regions 1 : 1 500 000 ("Carte Géologique Internationale de l'Europe et des Régions Méditerranéennes 1 : 1 500 000") shows the geology of the European continent from the Ural mountains in the east up to Island in the west and the whole mediteranean region in the south. The geology is differenciated in stratigraphy, igneous and metamorphic rocks. In addition there are two legend sheets and a title sheet. The language of the series is French.

  • The idea to represent the main features of the European Quaternary was first discussed at the Second Congress of the International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) held in Leningrad (St. Petersburg) in 1932. Compiled by the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) in cooperation with the INQUA, the International Quaternary Map of Europe 1 : 2.500.000 was finished in 1995. It is jointly published by the BGR and UNESCO. Several Quaternary features such as end moraines, ground moraine hillocks, kames, drumlins, eskers and ice border lines are represented on the map. Additionally, the map shows the directions of ice movements, limits of marine transgressions and tectonic faults. Important localities of Quaternary discovery relating to both geology and prehistory, bathymetric lines and recent deposits covering the sea floor are also indicated as well. The legend on each of the 14 map sheets is in German and, depending on the territories covered, in English, French or Russian. The general legend is placed on map sheet number 15.

  • The International Geological Map of Europe and the Mediteranean Regions 1 : 1 500 000 ("Carte Géologique Internationale de l'Europe et des Régions Méditerranéennes 1 : 1 500 000") shows the geology of the European continent from the Ural mountains in the east up to Island in the west and the whole mediteranean region in the south. The geology is differenciated in stratigraphy, igneous and metamorphic rocks. In addition there are two legend sheets and a title sheet. The language of the series is French.

  • The International Geological Map of Europe and the Mediteranean Regions 1 : 1 500 000 ("Carte Géologique Internationale de l'Europe et des Régions Méditerranéennes 1 : 1 500 000") shows the geology of the European continent from the Ural mountains in the east up to Island in the west and the whole mediteranean region in the south. The geology is differenciated in stratigraphy, igneous and metamorphic rocks. In addition there are two legend sheets and a title sheet. The language of the series is French.

  • In the original version of the map (Map “Hydrogeology” of the Hydrological Atlas of Germany (HAD)), the surface rocks are first divided into four main types, with further differentiation depending on the extent and productivity. This original subdivision has been resolved applying the internationally widely used Standard Legend for Hydrogeological Maps (SLHyM) after Struckmeier & Margat (1995). This makes the map clearer and easier to read, but above all, it is comparable to other European hydrogeological country and regional maps, such as the International Hydrogeological Map of Europe (IHME1500). The productivity classes have been derived from permeability values. In addition, the surface strata are divided into 19 different types of consolidated or unconsolidated rocks and four types of covering layers. The map is based on the digital Geological Map of Germany 1:1,000,000 (GK1000) published by BGR in 1993.

  • In the map, all strata are first classified in the four main types “pore aquifers”, “combined pore and fractured aquifers”, “fractured and karst aquifers” and “aquitards and aquicludes”. Further differentiation is made depending on the areal extent and productivity of the aquifers according to the classification of the Standard Legend for Hydrogeological Maps (SLHyM). The productivity classes have been derived from permeability values. In addition, the surface strata are divided into 19 different types of consolidated or unconsolidated rocks and four types of covering layers. Furthermore, the map shows salinity zones of near-surface groundwater in inland areas, as well as zones of saltwater intrusions along the coast. Areas in which groundwater is affected by mining are also shown. The map “Hydrogeology” is based on the digital Geological Map of Germany 1:1,000,000 (GK1000) published by BGR in 1993. The digital GK1000 contains attributes for the stratigraphy, lithology and genesis of the rocks.

  • The map shows spatial units of Germany that can be uniformly described and delimited with respect to the type of flow as well as the chemical composition of the groundwater. In total, a distinction is made between five regions and 24 subregions, which have been assigned to the most important landscape units in Germany. For each subregion, a schematic lithological column profile has been compiled, showing a typical layered structure of the subsurface of each region. The types of rock are additionally subdivided into aquifers, aquitards and aquicludes. The aquifers are classified into the three classes of pore, fractured and karst aquifers, while the aquitards are divided into unconsolidated or consolidated rocks. Another distinction is made according to the prevailing chemical environment of the rock (silicate, carbonate, sulphate, organic). As a result, ten types of aquifers and six types of aquitards are distinguished. The basis for the map is the digital data of the Geological Map of Germany 1:1,000,000 (GK1000).

  • The International Hydrogeological Map of Europe, scale 1:1,500,000 is a series of general hydrogeological maps comprising 25 map sheets with explanatory notes, covering the whole European continent and parts of the Near East. The national contributions to this map series were compiled by hydrogeologists and experts in related sciences of the countries concerned under the auspices of the International Association of Hydrogeologists (IAH) and its Commission on Hydrogeological Maps (COHYM). The project is supported by the Commission for the Geological Map of the World (CGMW).The scientific editorial work is supported financially by the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany through the Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR) and by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). These organizations are responsible for the cartography, printing and publication of the map sheets and explanatory notes.The series of hydrogeological maps seeks to represent the hydrogeological setting of Europe as a whole without regard to political boundaries. Together with the information presented in the accompanying explanatory notes, the map can be used for scientific purposes, for large-scale regional planning and as a basis for detailed hydrogeological mapping.

  • The International Geological Map of Europe and the Mediteranean Regions 1 : 1 500 000 ("Carte Géologique Internationale de l'Europe et des Régions Méditerranéennes 1 : 1 500 000") shows the geology of the European continent from the Ural mountains in the east up to Island in the west and the whole mediteranean region in the south. The geology is differenciated in stratigraphy, igneous and metamorphic rocks. In addition there are two legend sheets and a title sheet. The language of the series is French.

  • The relief of the earth's surface is a major controlling factor for ecological processes and a key indicator of the distribution patterns of important geological factors such as soil, rock and water. On the basis of a digital elevation model with a grid size of 250 meters, the company scilands GmbH in Göttingen produced on behalf of BGR the geomorphographic map of Germany. The programs SARA (System for Automatic Terrain Analysis) and SADO (System for Analysis and Discretization of Surfaces) determined 25 discrete geomorphograpic units (sink areas, closed hollow forms, slope areas, parietal areas, overlay forms) in four different landscape areas (North German Lowland, highland, Alpine foothills and Alps).

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