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  • Spatial and temporal distribution of noise emissions due to pile driving during the foundation of wind turbines in offshore projects in the German Exclusive Economic Zone EEZ. Source of data: MarinEARS Noise Registry (Marine Explorer and Registry of Sound); visit https://marinears.bsh.de Description of data: Start and end date of the construction phase with noise emissions due to pile driving during the foundation of wind turbines, per area of offshore wind farm visualized by coloration.

  • Spatial and temporal distribution of noise emissions due to pile driving during the foundation of wind turbines in offshore projects in the German Exclusive Economic Zone EEZ. Source of data: MarinEARS Noise Registry (Marine Explorer and Registry of Sound); visit https://marinears.bsh.de Description of data: Start and end date of the construction phase with noise emissions due to pile driving during the foundation of wind turbines, per area of offshore wind farm visualized by coloration.

  • The Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) on Board ESA’s ENVISAT provides spectral high resolution image data in the visible-near infrared spectral region (412-900 nm) at a spatial resolution of 300 m. For more details on ENVISAT and MERIS see http://envisat.esa.int/ This product developed in the frame of the MAPP project (MERIS Application and Regional Products Projects) represents the chlorophyll concentration of the North Sea derived from MERIS data. The product is a cooperative effort of DLR-DFD and the Institute for Coastal Research at the GKSS Research Centre Geesthacht. DFD pre-processed up to the value added level whenever MERIS data for the North Sea region was received and positively checked for a water area large enough for a suitable interpretation. For more details the reader is referred to http://wdc.dlr.de/sensors/meris/ and http://wdc.dlr.de/sensors/meris/documents/Mapp_ATBD_final_i3r0dez2001.pdf This product provides 10-day maps.

  • The Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) on Board ESA’s ENVISAT provides spectral high resolution image data in the visible-near infrared spectral region (412-900 nm) at a spatial resolution of 300 m. For more details on ENVISAT and MERIS see http://envisat.esa.int/ This product developed in the frame of the MAPP project (MERIS Application and Regional Products Projects) represents the chlorophyll concentration of the North Sea derived from MERIS data. The product is a cooperative effort of DLR-DFD and the Institute for Coastal Research at the GKSS Research Centre Geesthacht. DFD pre-processed up to the value added level whenever MERIS data for the North Sea region was received and positively checked for a water area large enough for a suitable interpretation. For more details the reader is referred to http://wdc.dlr.de/sensors/meris/ and http://wdc.dlr.de/sensors/meris/documents/Mapp_ATBD_final_i3r0dez2001.pdf This product provides daily maps.

  • Information on surveys (hydroacoustics, coring, cone penetration testing) in the North Sea and in the Baltic Sea.

  • Description: Spatial and seasonal distributions of selected species of seabirds in the German Bight. Data source: TOPAS-Windobs Datenbank + TOPAS-FTZobs Datenbank. These are data from Environmental Impact Assessments (EIS) and monitoring studies under the permit procedures of BSH in the North Sea EEZ and research data of the FTZ. Data collection: Ship-based and aircraft-based transect counts. The basis of all ship-based seabird counts is the standardized method described by Tasker et al. (1984) and Garthe et al. (2002). Following this method, seabirds within a transect strip of known length and width were recorded. Thus the number of birds per area (density) can be calculated. Seabird counts from aircrafts are described in Diederichs et al. (2002). It is also a transect based method. Time periods: Ship: June 2000 to Aug. 2013, aircraft: March 2002 to June 2013. Data analysis: Based on all survey years; for each species (or species group) and each species-specific season the mean density [individuals/km²] per raster cell is calculated as "the sum of the counted seabirds divided by the sum of the survey effort inside the raster cell". Species specific correction factors were used for the calculation of the density (Garthe et al. 2007, 2009; Markones and Garthe 2012). For divers separate correction factors were calculated for each single data collection team and then combined into a weighted average. Product description: Vector raster with "10 km x 10 km" raster cells (EPSG 3035). WMS: classification by mean density (5 ranges), visualization by graduated symbols. Bibliography see: ftp://ftp.bsh.de/outgoing/gdi-bsh/public/M/M5/docs/Seebirds_density_bibliography.htm

  • Description: Spatial and seasonal distributions of selected species of seabirds in the German Bight. Data source: TOPAS-Windobs Datenbank + TOPAS-FTZobs Datenbank. These are data from Environmental Impact Assessments (EIS) and monitoring studies under the permit procedures of BSH in the North Sea EEZ and research data of the FTZ. Data collection: Ship-based and aircraft-based transect counts. The basis of all ship-based seabird counts is the standardized method described by Tasker et al. (1984) and Garthe et al. (2002). Following this method, seabirds within a transect strip of known length and width were recorded. Thus the number of birds per area (density) can be calculated. Seabird counts from aircrafts are described in Diederichs et al. (2002). It is also a transect based method. Time periods: Ship: June 2000 to Aug. 2013, aircraft: March 2002 to June 2013. Data analysis: Based on all survey years; for each species (or species group) and each species-specific season the mean density [individuals/km²] per raster cell is calculated as "the sum of the counted seabirds divided by the sum of the survey effort inside the raster cell". Species specific correction factors were used for the calculation of the density (Garthe et al. 2007, 2009; Markones and Garthe 2012). For divers separate correction factors were calculated for each single data collection team and then combined into a weighted average. Product description: Vector raster with "3 km x 5 km" raster cells (EPSG 3035). WMS: classification by mean density (5 ranges), visualization by graduated symbols. Bibliography see: ftp://ftp.bsh.de/outgoing/gdi-bsh/public/M/M5/docs/Seebirds_density_bibliography.htm

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