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  • This collection contains surface NO2 concentrations for Germany derived from Sentinel-5P/TROPOMI data. The Sentinel-5P NO2 data is generated by DLR and provided in the framework of the mFUND-Project "S-VELD". The surface NO2 data are concentrations with the unit "µg/m3". Sentinel-5P observes Germany once per day at ~12:00 UTC. These daily observations are gridded onto a regular UTM grid. The day and measurement time are included in the netCDF data file. Only surface NO2 data for cloud-free Sentinel-5P measurements are provided (cloud fraction less than ~0.2). Sentinel-5P cloud fraction data is included in this collection as well.

  • F-SAR, “Flugzeug-SAR”, is an airborne high-resolution imaging radar (Synthetic Aperture Radar) sensor presently operated by the German Aerospace Center (DLR), Microwaves and Radar Institute (HR) since November 02, 2006. It is operated on a Dornier Do-228 aircraft from altitudes of 2000 to 6000 m above ground in five different center frequency bands (X,C,S,L,P). Wavelengths range from 3 cm, 5 cm, 9 cm, 23 cm to 67 cm. Ka-band (1 cm wavelength) is planned to be added. Up to four center-frequencies (X,S,L,P) or (X,C,L,P) can be operated simultaneously per overflight. All frequencies are fully polarimetric (HH,HV,VV,VH) and have full repeat-pass capabilities. Single-pass interferometry in along-track (ATI) and across-track mode is available in X-band (ATI and/or XTI) and S-band (XTI). Data are processed up to three different levels: RGI (Radar Geometry Image product), INF (Repeat-pass-interferometric product) and GTC (Geocoded and Terrain-Corrected product). Resolutions range from 25 cm (X-band) to 1.5 m (P-band) in both azimuth and range direction. Data acquisition modes are typically “stripmap”, “repeat-pass” (two parallel tracks), “tomography” (several parallel tracks), ”circular” (one circle) or “circular-tomography” (several vertically distributed circles). Individually planned experiments can also be supported. For more information concerning F-SAR data, the reader is referred to: www.dlr.de/hr/f-sar

  • DBFSAR, "Digital Beam Forming SAR", is an airborne very-high-resolution imaging radar (Synthetic Aperture Radar) sensor presently operated by the German Aerospace Center (DLR), Microwaves and Radar Institute (HR) since November 29, 2016. It is operated on a Dornier Do-228 aircraft from altitudes of 2000 to 6000 m above ground in X-band (3 cm wavelength) only, featuring four transmit (operated sequentially) and twelve parallel receive channels. Depending on antenna deployment, it is either fully polarimetric (HH,HV,VV,VH), inetrferomtric in along- and/or across-track mode, or can be operated as a digital beamforming SAR. It has full repeat-pass capabilities. Data are processed up to three different levels: RGI (Radar Geometry Image product), INF (Interferometric product) and GTC (Geocoded and Terrain-Corrected product). The data acquisition modes are selected based on the individually planned experiments. Achieved resolutions are presently 10 cm in azimuth and 17 cm in range but will go down significantly below 10 cm in both directions.

  • This collection contains monthly mean tropospheric NO2 columns for Germany and surrounding areas derived from Sentinel-5P/TROPOMI Level-1B data. The Sentinel-5P tropospheric NO2 data is generated by DLR and provided in the framework of the mFUND-Project "S-VELD". The tropospheric NO2 data are vertical column densities with the unit "μmol/m2". Sentinel-5P observes Germany once per day at ~12:00 UTC and only cloud-free measurements (cloud fraction < ~0.2) are used. The Sentinel-5P tropospheric NO2 data within each month are averaged and gridded onto a regular UTM grid. The number of measurements used in the calculation of the averaged value are included in this collection as well.

  • This collection contains monthly mean surface NO2 concentrations for Germany derived from Sentinel-5P/TROPOMI data. The Sentinel-5P NO2 data is generated by DLR and provided in the framework of the mFUND-Project "S-VELD". The surface NO2 data are concentrations with the unit "μg/m3". Sentinel-5P observes Germany once per day at ~12:00 UTC and only cloud-free measurements (cloud fraction less than ~0.2) are used. The Sentinel-5P surface NO2 data within each month are averaged and gridded onto a regular UTM grid. The number of measurements used in the calculation of the averaged value are included in this collection as well.

  • This collection contains tropospheric NO2 columns for Germany and surrounding areas derived from Sentinel-5P/TROPOMI Level-1B data. The Sentinel-5P tropospheric NO2 data is generated by DLR and provided in the framework of the mFUND-Project "S-VELD". The tropospheric NO2 data are vertical column densities with the unit "µmol/m2". Sentinel-5P observes Germany once per day at ~12:00 UTC. These daily observations are gridded onto a regular UTM grid. The day and measurement time are included in the netCDF data file. Only tropospheric NO2 data for cloud-free Sentinel-5P measurements are provided (cloud fraction < ~0.2). Sentinel-5P cloud fraction data is included in this collection as well.

  • This land cover classfication of Germany was created using Sentinel-2 imagery from the years 2015 to 2017 and LUCAS 2015 in-situ reference data (https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/lucas). It contains seven land cover types: (1) artificial land, (2) open soil, (3) high seasonal vegetation, (4) high perennial vegetation, (5) low seasonal vegetation, (6) low perennial vegetation and (7) water with a spatial resolution of 10m x 10m. For further information, please see the following publication: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jag.2020.102065

  • E-SAR, “Experimental-SAR”, is an airborne imaging radar (Synthetic Aperture Radar) sensor operated by the German Aerospace Center (DLR), Microwaves and Radar Institute (HR) from 1988 until November 2009. It was operated on a Dornier Do-228 aircraft from altitudes of 2000 to 6000 m above ground in four different center frequency bands (X,C,L,P). Different center frequencies were operated sequentially in different overflights. Data were acquired either in one-channel, two-channel or four-channel mode in HH, HV, VV and/or VH polarization. Fully polarimetric data are available in L- and P-band only. Repeat-pass interferometry is available in L- and P-band. Single-pass interferometry is available in X-band only, in along- and across-track antenna configuration. Data are processed up to two different levels: RGI (Radar Geometry Image product) and GTC (Geocoded and Terrain-Corrected product). Resolutions range from 25 cm (X-band) to 1.5 m (P-band) in azimuth direction and from 1.8 m (X-band) to 3 m (P-band) in range direction. Data acquisition modes are “stripmap”, “repeat-pass” (two parallel tracks) or “tomography” (several parallel tracks). For more information concerning E-SAR data, the reader is referred to: www.dlr.de/hr/e-sar

  • The TanDEM-X PolarDEM is a project developed by the German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD) at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) within the activities of the TanDEM-X mission. It is a framework for the provision of derivatives of the global Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the TanDEM-X mission for Polar Regions. The TanDEM-X PolarDEM 90m of Antarctica is a gap-free and edited version of the TanDEM-X 90m digital elevation model (DEM). The TanDEM-X PolarDEM 90m of Antarctica is provided in Antarctic Polar Stereographic projection (EPSG:3031) with a pixel spacing of 90 meters. The DEM elevation values represent ellipsoidal heights relative to the WGS84 ellipsoid. The majority of the data were acquired between April 2013 and October 2014. The TanDEM-X PolarDEM 90m of Antarctica is split into four tiles. For more information concerning the TanDEM-X PolarDEM, the reader is referred to: https://www.dlr.de/eoc/en/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-11882/20871_read-66374/

  • The "Land Surface Temperature derived from NOAA-AVHRR data (LST_AVHRR)" is a fixed grid map (in stereographic projection ) with a spatial resolution of 1.1 km. The total size covering Europe is 4100 samples by 4300 lines. Within 24 hours of acquiring data from the satellite, day-time and night-time LSTs are calculated. In general, the products utilise data from all six of the passes that the satellite makes over Europe in each 24 hour period. For the daily day-time LST maps, the compositing criterion for the three day-time passes is maximum NDVI value and for daily night-time LST maps, the criterion is the maximum night-time LST value of the three night-time passes. Weekly and monthly day-time or night-time LST composite products are also produced by averaging daily day-time or daily night-time LST values, respectively. The range of LST values is scaled between –39.5°C and +87°C with a radiometric resolution of 0.5°C. A value of –40°C is used for water. Clouds are masked out as bad values. For additional information, please see: https://wdc.dlr.de/sensors/avhrr/

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