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  • This collection contains monthly mean tropospheric NO2 columns for Germany and surrounding areas derived from Sentinel-5P/TROPOMI Level-1B data. The Sentinel-5P tropospheric NO2 data is generated by DLR and provided in the framework of the mFUND-Project "S-VELD". The tropospheric NO2 data are vertical column densities with the unit "μmol/m2". Sentinel-5P observes Germany once per day at ~12:00 UTC and only cloud-free measurements (cloud fraction < ~0.2) are used. The Sentinel-5P tropospheric NO2 data within each month are averaged and gridded onto a regular UTM grid. The number of measurements used in the calculation of the averaged value are included in this collection as well.

  • This collection contains tropospheric NO2 columns for Germany and surrounding areas derived from Sentinel-5P/TROPOMI Level-1B data. The Sentinel-5P tropospheric NO2 data is generated by DLR and provided in the framework of the mFUND-Project "S-VELD". The tropospheric NO2 data are vertical column densities with the unit "µmol/m2". Sentinel-5P observes Germany once per day at ~12:00 UTC. These daily observations are gridded onto a regular UTM grid. The day and measurement time are included in the netCDF data file. Only tropospheric NO2 data for cloud-free Sentinel-5P measurements are provided (cloud fraction < ~0.2). Sentinel-5P cloud fraction data is included in this collection as well.

  • This Download Service provides access to CODE-DE products via a Web Coverage Service (WCS) interface. CODE-DE (Copernicus Data and Exploitation Platform - Deutschland) is the German access point to data of the European Earth Observation Programme Copernicus. This programme of the European Union provides satellite data from the Sentinel series and thematic services with products for observations of land/ocean/atmosphere, climate change, security and disaster management. Furthermore, information and tools for the creation of higher quality information are provided on the platform. The focus of data availability is geographically on Germany and Europe ("rolling archive"). This means that data of Germany and Europe will remain in the archive for a particularly long time (with immediate availability), but data outside Germany and especially outside Europe will typically be removed after one month. Sentinel-2 Level 1C products are globally long-term archived and made available again on request.

  • The map shows the Al Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan. It is situated approx. 12 km from the Syrian border and in close proximity to the city of Al Mafraq (10 km). The camp was set up on July 28, 2012 to shelter refugees fleeing the conflict in Syria. The vector data have been digitized on the basis of WorldView-2 satellite data (0.5m spatial resolution) acquired on January 03, 2013. The results have not been validated in the field. WorldView-2 satellite data acquired on January 03, 2013 is used as backdrop. The products elaborated for this Rapid Mapping Activity are realised to the best of our ability, within a very short time frame, optimising the material available. All geographic information has limitations due to the scale, resolution, date and interpretation of the original source materials. No liability concerning the content or the use thereof is assumed by the producer. The ZKI crisis maps are constantly updated. Please make sure to visit http://www.zki.dlr.de for the latest version of this product.

  • Every day, three successive NOAA-AVHRR scenes are used to derive a synthesis product in stereographic projection known as the "Normalized Difference Vegetation Index" for Europe and North Africa. It is calculated by dividing the difference in technical albedos between measurements in the near infrared and visible red part of the spectrum by the sum of both measurements. This value provides important information about the "greenness" and density of vegetation. Weekly and monthly thematic synthesis products are also derived from this daily operational product, at each step becoming successively free of clouds. Additional detailed information is available from http://eoweb.dlr.de:8080/short_guide/D-AVHRR.html

  • This View Service provides access to CODE-DE products via a Web Mapping Service (WMS) interface. CODE-DE (Copernicus Data and Exploitation Platform - Deutschland) is the German access point to data of the European Earth Observation Programme Copernicus. This programme of the European Union provides satellite data from the Sentinel series and thematic services with products for observations of land/ocean/atmosphere, climate change, security and disaster management. Furthermore, information and tools for the creation of higher quality information are provided on the platform. The focus of data availability is geographically on Germany and Europe ("rolling archive"). This means that data of Germany and Europe will remain in the archive for a particularly long time (with immediate availability), but data outside Germany and especially outside Europe will typically be removed after one month. Sentinel-2 Level 1C products are globally long-term archived and made available again on request.

  • This WMS provides access to different elevation products provided by the Earth Observation Center (EOC) of the DLR.

  • The Al Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan is situated approx. 12 km from the Syrian border and in close proximity to the city of Al Mafraq (10 km). Due to heavy rainfall in the region parts of the Zaatari camp are affected by flooding. The map shows the flood situation derived by semi-automatic image analysis of TerraSAR-X data acquired on January 10, 2013 at 03:38:49 UTC. Furthermore basic reference information, digitized on the basis of WorldView-2 satellite data acquired on January 03, 2013, at 08:52:52 UTC, is depicted. The contour lines were derived from ASTER GDEM 2 data (vertical accuracy +/- 6m). For a more detailed view on the flood situation, parts of the camp area are also shown in the zoom boxes. The results of the image interpretation and analysis have not been validated in the field. WorldView-2 satellite data acquired on January 03, 2013, is used as backdrop. Please note that flood waters in settlement areas might not be fully captured and the water extent might be underestimated due to sensor characteristics. Thus especially shallow water bodies might not be fully captured. The products elaborated for this Rapid Mapping Activity are realised to the best of our ability, within a very short time frame, optimising the material available. All geographic information has limitations due to the scale, resolution, date and interpretation of the original source materials. No liability concerning the content or the use thereof is assumed by the producer. The ZKI crisis maps are constantly updated. Please make sure to visit http://www.zki.dlr.de for the latest version of this product.

  • This product shows Snow Cover Duration Early Season (SCDES). SCDES represents the SCD between September 1st and January 15th of a given hydrological year. Information about extent, beginning, duration and melt of snow cover are important for climate research, hydrological applications, flood prediction and weather forecast. Climate change is influencing the characteristics and duration of snow cover, affecting landscape, hydrology, flora, fauna, and humans in equal measure. Therefore, precise information about the different snow parameters and their development over time are particularly important for various research fields. The “Global SnowPack” is a dataset containing information about snow cover parameters on a global scale. Overall, early season, and late season snow cover duration are included and allow detailed insights in the characteristics of this most relevant part of Earth’s cryosphere. The parameters are being derived from daily, operational MODIS snow cover products for every year since 2000. The negative effects of polar darkness and cloud coverage are compensated by applying several processing steps. Thereby, a unique global dataset can be provided that is characterized by its high accuracy, a spatial resolution of 500 meter and continuous future enhancements. For more information please also refer to: Dietz, A. J., C. Kuenzer, and S. Dech. 2015: Global SnowPack – “A new set of snow cover parameters to study status and dynamics of the planetary snow cover extent.“ accepted for publication in Remote Sensing Letters. Dietz, A. J., C. Conrad, C. Kuenzer, G. Gesell, and S. Dech. 2014. “Identifying Changing Snow Cover Characteristics in Central Asia between 1986 and 2014 from Remote Sensing Data.” Remote Sensing 6 (12): 12752–75. doi:10.3390/rs61212752. Dietz, A. J., C. Kuenzer, and C. Conrad. 2013. “Snow-Cover Variability in Central Asia between 2000 and 2011 Derived from Improved MODIS Daily Snow-Cover Products.” International Journal of Remote Sensing 34 (11): 3879–3902. Dietz, A. J., C. Wohner, and C. Kuenzer. 2012. “European Snow Cover Characteristics between 2000 and 2011 Derived from Improved MODIS Daily Snow Cover Products.” Remote Sensing 4 (8): 2432–54. doi:10.3390/rs4082432.

  • The "Land Surface Temperature derived from NOAA-AVHRR data (LST_AVHRR)" is a fixed grid map (in stereographic projection ) with a spatial resolution of 1.1 km. The total size covering Europe is 4100 samples by 4300 lines. Within 24 hours of acquiring data from the satellite, day-time and night-time LSTs are calculated. In general, the products utilise data from all six of the passes that the satellite makes over Europe in each 24 hour period. For the daily day-time LST maps, the compositing criterion for the three day-time passes is maximum NDVI value and for daily night-time LST maps, the criterion is the maximum night-time LST value of the three night-time passes. Weekly and monthly day-time or night-time LST composite products are also produced by averaging daily day-time or daily night-time LST values, respectively. The range of LST values is scaled between –39.5°C and +87°C with a radiometric resolution of 0.5°C. A value of –40°C is used for water. Clouds are masked out as bad values. Additional detailed information is available from http://eoweb.dlr.de:8080/short_guide/D-AVHRR.html , http://eoweb.dlr.de/short_guide/D-LST.html , and http://wdc.dlr.de/data_products/SURFACE/land_surface_temperature.php

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